Autoimmune Disease Causes, Symptoms, Types And Treatments

The immune system is designed to attack foreign cells from invading the human body. When foreign cells attack the human body, it can cause the growth of bacteria and viruses. This, in turn, may elevate the risk of infections and diseases in the body. However, in certain cases, the immune system may get confused. Instead of defending the body’s own cells, it starts to fight against them. This is when the individual starts to suffer from autoimmune disease

In this article, we will help you get in-depth information about autoimmune diseases. We will also help you understand the causes, symptoms, types and treatments of the same. So, if you think you may be suffering from this condition, it is best to read the article thoroughly until the end. 

What Are The Types Of Autoimmune Diseases?

There are 14 most common forms of this disease. Type 1 Diabetes, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Addison’s Disease and Grave’s Disease are the most common of them. We have discussed some more below for your reference-

1. Celiac Disease

Patients suffering from this disease need to abstain from foods containing Gluten. This is so because the immune system may attack the gastrointestinal tract where the Gluten may be hiding. This, in turn, can increase the risks of inflammation. 

2. Autoimmune Vasculitis 

In certain cases, the immune system may attack the blood vessels. This is when you might be suffering from this disease. That is why this type of inflammation may make your arteries narrow. It may also affect the veins in the human body. This might minimize the blood flow through them. 

3. Multiple Sclerosis 

The central nervous system in the human body contains a protective layer called the Myelin Sheath. When a person suffers from MS, this Myelin Sheath may get damaged. This, in turn, may slow down the transition of messages from the brain to the spinal cord to a drastic extent. It may also affect messages carried to the remaining parts of the human body. Trouble in walking, numbness, weakness and problems in balancing may be some symptoms of MS. 

4. Rheumatoid Arthritis 

In this type of arthritis, the immune system may take a toll on your joints. Stiffness, redness and soreness in the joints are some signs of this problem in the human body. What is worse is that this type of arthritis may start affecting individuals even at the age of 30. That is why consulting a potential medical expert in need is important. 

What Are The Symptoms Of Autoimmune Disease?

The symptoms of this disease are not consistent. They may keep coming and going. That is why one must be on the lookout for any symptoms that may match. Once they confirm the symptoms, they must visit the doctor immediately for immediate diagnosis and treatment. This can prevent their condition from worsening.  

Some of the most common symptoms are- 

  • Hair loss
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Skin rashes
  • Trouble during concentration
  • Low-grade fever
  • Achy muscles
  • Tingling and numbness in the feet and hands

When Should You Visit A Doctor?

The autoimmune disease can be of several kinds, as discussed above. Depending on the type, you need to visit a medical provider immediately. 

  • Potential dermatologists can help treat your skin conditions on time, for Example- Eczema and Psoriasis. 
  • Rheumatologists may help with the treatment of joint diseases. This may include SLE, Rheumatoid Arthritis and even Sjogren’s syndrome. 
  • Endocrinologists may help with the treatment of Addison’s Disease, Grave’s Disease and even Hashimoto’s Disease. 
  • Gastroenterologists may help with the treatment of the Gastrointestinal tract. This may include Crohn’s Disease and Celiac Disease. 

What Is The Process Of Treatment For Autoimmune Diseases?

There is no cure for these diseases. However, quality treatment can promise to control the overactive immune systems. They can also help reduce the symptoms of inflammation and pain significantly. Certain immune-suppressing drugs and anti-inflammatory drugs may be used by medical experts for the treatment of this disease. Doctors may also help reduce the symptoms of exhaustion, skin rashes and numbness that may be the product of this disease. Those who keep a check on their lifestyle, exercise daily and maintain a balanced diet can prevent this disease massively. 

The Bottom Line

Autoimmune diseases may occur among anyone. Today, the risks of such diseases are rising more significantly due to the poor lifestyle and diet that we are maintaining. That is why it is prudent to keep health in check. It is also important to visit the doctor immediately in case you suspect any type of this disease around you. This way, you can prevent the case from worsening and improve the quality of treatment that one can receive. 

Description- If you think you might be suffering from an autoimmune disease, make sure you read this article thoroughly. So, why keep waiting?