Food poisoning is the most common disease that can occur from the consumption of contaminated, stale, or obnoxious food. We often see that because of the busy lifestyle we often eat outside and there is no proper schedule for it. If we eat something which is not good then definitely it will affect our health.
In general Food, poisoning is not that serious but in some cases, it might be extreme depending upon the immunity of the person to deal with such attacks. Food poisoning generally affects children who do not eat homemade food and eat chips, chocolates, and all packaged stuff. It does not mean that packaged stuff is bad but considering their tender age their digestive system is not developed yet to digest it. So, essentially food poisoning can also be a result of a bad digestive system.
Food poisoning happens because of bacteria, viruses, or parasites. It is not unusual as a recent health survey came to the notice that food poisoning affects every (1 of 7) individual. Food poisoning receives a growth during the summers and takes a dip in winters. The reason is simple because during summer the temperature is quite high and it affects the food. Moisture and heat are suitable for bacteria to grow thus there is a hike in cases during summers.
What are the Causes of Food Poisoning?
Food poisoning is known as a food-borne illness. It affects the immune system. The common symptoms of this are nausea, diarrhoea, stomach ache, and vomiting. These pathogens can be found in all the food that humans eat. Food poisoning generally occurs when something is eaten raw as it did not go through the cooking process and all the viruses are alive. When someone who is cooking does not maintain hygiene there are chances of food poisoning. When a person is ill and cooks food then also there are chances that the person who is consuming the food might get affected by food poisoning.
Perishable foods like eggs, milk, and meat get contaminated easily thus it is very important to care for such dairy items and consume these items as early as possible as it has a small shelf life. Bacteria that cause food poisoning are E. coli and Salmonella. Salmonella is majorly responsible for causing food poisoning. Parasites are not as common as bacteria but they can be very dangerous. The parasites can be spread through food.
Toxoplasmosis is the most common type of parasite that can even cause the death of a person. It can live in the human body for years and go undetected for years. People with a weak immune system and pregnant ladies are vulnerable to this parasite.
Food poisoning can even be spread through viruses such as rotavirus, rotavirus, astrovirus, etc and diarrhoea is the infection that is caused by the virus. Hepatitis A is a disease that can be transmitted through food and it is among the deadliest diseases that can kill a person within a year if not cured.
Symptoms of food poisoning
There are many symptoms of food poisoning like vomiting, headache, fever, nausea, and body ache. The extreme symptoms could be prolonged weakness, paleness, blurred vision, and stomach cramps. In this condition, you need to go to the doctor and get attested for food poisoning.
There are more than 200 viruses that can cause diarrhoea thus it is hard to identify and kill those viruses, what you can do is to stop having contaminated food, stale food, or packaged food. When you are travelling you are prone to food poisoning thus you must make homemade food along with you and be safe from an unhealthy environment.
Norovirus can make you sick easily by eating contaminated food, and by even touching the doorknobs and untidy surfaces. So, you can imagine that it is really hard to escape from this. You can wash your hands at proper intervals to avoid the risk of contracting the virus. Listeria is another type of bacteria that can grow in colder conditions such as refrigerators and cold cans. It is found in items that are stored in the refrigerator such as smoky fish.
It is very dangerous for elderly women and pregnant women. The serious condition after contracting the virus is weakness and stiff neck and it could be deadly.
Precaution and remedy
Food poisoning is riskier for people who have a weak immune system, elderly people, and pregnant ladies. So there are certain things which you can do to prevent food poisoning such as
- Avoid eating refrigerated seafood, and contaminated and stale food.
- Wash hands regularly before eating to avoid catching the virus from the surface.
- In summer do not eat the same food twice a day as it might affect your health and make you fall ill.
- Avoid dairy products that are unpasteurized and go for fresh products like milk and cheese.
- Don’t buy bulging and unpackaged items.
- Properly wash all the fruits and vegetables before cooking. Do not consume salad with peels.
- Keep your fridge temperature below 40 degrees F.
- When you are going to a restaurant prefer restaurants of good rating and ensure the hygiene.
- When you are travelling take proper care of food and water and avoid drinking unpackaged water.
If you have food poisoning so the first thing is this, do not get scared and keep your body hydrated. The most common mistake we do is that we do not drink enough water thus drinking water at regular intervals is important. If you are suffering from vomiting then avoid eating solid foods and drink water, fluids, salt, sugar syrup, juices, and avoid drinking milk. It might stimulate diarrhoea. If a pregnant woman is having diarrhoea then avoid breastfeeding as it might transfer the disease to the child.
If the food poisoning is extreme then do not get back home and stay at the hospital and take a proper treatment. This will help in regaining the strength and speedy recovery of the body.
Food poisoning or food-borne illness is a mild disease but the consequences could be severe if it is ignored. The best remedy is a precaution so start from this. To reduce the chances of getting a disease do not eat food from outside, do not eat contaminated food, always try to eat according to the need of the body, reduce the junk food and keep your body hydrated. Food poisoning can be cured by getting the right treatment at the right time.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- What are the things that you can eat when you are suffering from food poisoning?
Food poisoning is generally mild and in some cases, it can be extreme. This is very much important to take the right food during food poisoning. This dehydrates your body so you need to take a lot of fluids including water, juices and lemon juice, etc. if you want to eat anything solid you can eat fruits and boiled vegetables this will help in the recovery of the digestive system.
- How long does it take to recover from food poisoning?
In normal cases, it takes 2-3 days but in some extreme cases it can take up to a month.
- What are the tests that can be done to test food poisoning?
There are many tests you can do such as stool tests, Imaging tests, Blood tests, and stool cultures tests.