Learn About Meningitis Symptom In Elders And Children

Meningitis refers to a rare infectious problem that usually targets the Meninges membranes. These membranes cover the spinal cord or brain. Also, it is the inflammation of fluid and meninges. Here, the inflammation or swelling gives rise to many signs and symptoms. These Meningitis symptoms include fever, headache, and even a stiff neck. So, a viral infection usually causes it. Certain fungal, bacterial, and parasitic infections can also be causes of this inflammation. 

If not treated within a few weeks, the results can be life-threatening. Also, to avoid this from occurring, you will have to go for emergency antibiotic treatments. So, to be safe, seek medical help as soon as you develop Meningitis symptoms. This will help prevent some serious complications that could occur.

Meningitis Symptom And Signs

Meningitis Symptom

The symptoms of developing Meningitis early can be the same as influenza or flu. So, the symptoms will likely take a few hours or days to develop. 

Also, the symptoms of Meningitis for people above the age of 2 years are:

1. Stiff neck

2. Headache

3. Nausea

4. Vomiting

5. Seizures

6. Loss of appetite

7. No thirst

8. Difficulty in concentration

9. Sudden high fever

10. Severe and unusual headache

11. Confusion

12. Skin rash

13. Sensitivity to light

You should not hold infants and newborns suffering from Meningitis symptoms. Also, this is because you will not be able to comfort them. So some signs of Meningitis in newborns and infants include:

1. Constant crying

2. Poor feeding

3. Body and neck stiffness

4. Vomiting

5. High fever

6. Not waking to eat

7. Fontanel- a bulge in the soft spot at the head’s top.

8. sluggishness

9. Inactivity

10. Excessive sleepiness

11. Irritability 

Types Of Meningitis

Types Of Meningitis

1. Bacterial Meningitis

This type of Meningitis is very serious and requires medical attention right away. Also, if you do not seek urgent medical treatment, this illness can be fatal and likely cause brain damage. Bacteria enter the bloodstream through the ears, throat, or sinuses. So, these bacteria then go up to your brain from the bloodstream.

Also, some types of bacteria that can cause Bacterial Meningitis symptoms are:

a. Neisseria Meningitidis (Meningococcus)

b. Streptococcus Pneumoniae (Pneumococcus)

c. Listeria Monocytogenes. This occurs in pregnant women and older citizens. Also, those having immune system problems. 

There existed a bacteria type called Haemophilus Influenzae type B (Hib). Also, this causes Meningitis in infants and babies. But now, Hib vaccines are available for infants. Vaccines for Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Neisseria Meningitidis are also available. So, all children need to get vaccinated. Adults who are vulnerable to developing this disease should also take it. 

The bacteria causing Meningitis is communicable. Also, it can spread if the person gets infected with sneezing and coughing. If you have been in contact with someone with Meningitis, it is best to seek medical care immediately. So, this way, you can avoid catching it. 

2. Fungal Meningitis

It is much less common than bacterial Meningitis. If your immune system is strong and you are healthy, it is difficult to catch Meningitis. Also, if you develop a problem with your immune system, like AIDS, you will most likely catch Meningitis.

3. Viral Meningitis

After bacterial Meningitis, viral Meningitis is the second most common disease. Also, it is usually less serious. One of the most common symptoms of this illness is Diarrhea. So, many types of viruses can trigger this illness. 

4. Parasitic Meningitis

This type of rare Meningitis is not that common among people. As the name suggests, its main cause is parasites. It affects animals. So, you can develop this type of Meningitis if you eat slugs, fish, snakes, or snails affected by the parasites.

They can also produce eggs that contain parasite eggs. So, the risk of developing this disease is higher if you consume undercooked or raw meat. Parasitic Meningitis is non-communicable. 

5. Chronic Meningitis

It takes about a couple of weeks to develop, and its main cause is infection. The infections occur due to a fungus or the Mycobacteria that causes Tuberculosis. Also, they occupy spaces in the tissue or the fluid around your brain. So as a result, it can cause Meningitis. 

6. Amoebic Meningitis

This rare infection is caused by a single-celled bug known as Naegleria Fowleri. Though it is a rare disease, it is usually fatal and can even cause death. The bug lives in fresh, warm water or even soil. Also, one usually gets this disease by swimming in the water source that contains this bug.

7. Non-Infectious Meningitis

Non-infectious Meningitis refers to the disease caused due to cancer or lupus. Also, you can also suffer from this illness if you were recently a head injury victim or underwent brain surgery. So, it is not contagious and can also occur if you take certain medications.

Causes Of Meningitis

As we know from the types of Meningitis, this disease is usually the result of an infection. Also, certain bacteria, fungi, amoeba, viruses, or parasites can give rise to this disease. While some types are not that contagious, others can be life-threatening. So, these microorganisms can reach your body through the throat, ears, or sinuses. 

The non-infectious types of Meningitis can occur due to head injury or brain surgery. Some less common causes of Meningitis symptoms include Syphilis or cancer medications. So this illness can also take place due to autoimmune disorders and Tuberculosis. 

Treatment Of Meningitis

Treatment Of Meningitis

The treatment option to go for varies depending on your Meningitis. If you have bacterial Meningitis, antibiotics will do the job. Also, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to determine the bacteria that caused the illness.

Also, once they know what bacteria is causing the illness, they will switch to other drugs. So, to relieve the inflammation, doctors can also prescribe the use of corticosteroids. 

The Bottom Line

Meningitis is of different types and can cause inflammation. So, this inflammation results from swelling of the membranes, and one must treat it.